Italy was another country who was upset about the treaty, as they lost most of the land they were promised by the Allies. The other victims were taken aboard a barge which was towed out to sea and then sunk. So in 1933 Hitler did the unbelievable and became the prime minister of Germany, and his partner Goering became minister of the Police. More countries involved means more chaos and more risks of increasing tension. The final country that was angry over the Versailles Treaty was Japan. When Hitler demanded the strategically important western region of Czechoslovakia, they put unbearable pressure on the Czech government, their ally, to immediately give this territory to Hitler to avoid war that Hitler threatened to start, and still did not act when Hitler swallowed the rest of Czechoslovakia with a threat of immediate invasion. Other Axis countries were occupied as well, but the German split is the best known.
But without Adolf Hitler, who was possessed of a demonic personality, a granite will, uncanny instincts, a cold ruthlessness, a remarkable intellect, a soaring imagination and, until toward the end, an amazing capacity to size up people and situations, there almost certainly would never have been a Third Reich. The only way that war was acceptable in this act was by means of self-defense. Need for Raw materials e. We'll start with the facts and work back: it may make it all the easier to understand how World War One actually happened. Unable to divert forces from battling the Communists and warlords, Chiang Kai-shek sought aid from the international community and the League of Nations.
On the surface, the new German republic seemed a different country, a peaceful and disarmed democracy that was no longer a threat to its neighbors, and became a prolific and influential center of modern arts and science. These leaders gained popularity by promising revenge for World War I. A request from the Russians at the Yalta conference in February 1945. Her reason for entering the conflict lay in another direction: she was obligated to defend neutral Belgium by the terms of a 75-year old treaty. The latter readily provided aircraft, military supplies, and advisors, seeing China as a buffer against Japan.
At this conference the principal naval powers agreed to limit their navies according to a fixed ratio. The hope was to knock the French out of the war before the Russians could effectively mobilize. But under the surface, it was still the Prussian Germany, with the Junkers in power in the civil and military service including the admired wartime supreme commander as president , with a limited military force, but one that was formed from the finest war veterans and demonstrated great resourcefulness in bypassing the limits dictated by the peace treaty, and the country was in a financial crisis and a political chaos, and many Germans blamed the peace treaty's dictations of their country's troubles, and wanted to restore its national pride and past greatness, which above all meant a desire to restore Germany's military strength. The Treaty of Versailles After World War 1, a peace treaty called the Treaty of Versailles was created to settle the differences between the Allies and Germany. As a result of the defeat, monarchy was abolished, the large German military was dismantled, later re-established under very severe limitations of its size and equipment, the exhausted country was required to pay unbearably enormous compensations to the equally exhausted victors, and democracy was established, in the country of people who were taught to strictly obey their superiors, not elect them there were elections in Germany earlier, but the Reichstag Congress had no real authority. They felt it was unfair that they should have to suffer so much. But the key to America's early involvement occurred on September 28, 1940, when Japan, Germany and Italy signed the Tripartite Treaty.
Germany wanted to become allies with Britain so that France would be isolated and would therefore not attack Germany. If at that time Kaiser Wilhelm did not initiated the plan and agrees to go into a conference, a war might not have happened. Had Germany had taken that city earlier, there is little doubt in my mind that the Soviet system would have been hobbled tremendously and unable to carry out successful military operations against the Germans. The American people did not want anything to do with European affairs because many of the debts that were accrued during the war were not being paid and Americans were very bitter. To them, there was only one option available: an invasion of the oil rich Dutch East Indies. Most of the interventions and invasions which took place during 1919-1939 period were guided by economic motives.
They felt that some of the damages should be paid by the Allies. The Serbs were not happy. Evidence seems to suggest fairly clear that Hitler was determined to fight in October 1938 to gain Sudeten Czech territory. The Anglo-German rivalry - the unification of Germany and its rise as an industrial and military power generated a heated rivalry with Great Britain. Hitler then pushed the European powers further and further until he invaded Poland and Europe had no choice but to react. Even the great powers made no attempt to put into practice the provisions of the Covenant.
Hitler's words were also backed by brutal street violence. He also got the natural resources in these territories, the industry, and the equipment of the dismantled armies of the nations he swallowed, and the military strength of these nations was removed from the potential order of battle of his future enemies. Here was a nation that a growing number of American politicians felt was worth supporting. A factory that previously made Typewriters and sewing machines was making Guns and ammunition The Waffle and Marzipan machine manufacturer was producing torpedoes for the Kriegsmarine and Luftwaffe. The European states continued to depend upon secret military pacts and alliances as means for strengthening their security.
The political and geographical advantages thus gained enabled Germany to fight effectively for many years. . Czechoslovakia is a key example. There were few, if any, properly constructed public shelters despite money having been allocated for them which was spent by the local burghers on Air Raid shelters for their homes in the suburbs. Anglo-German Naval Arm Race- Britain was worried of the increasingly strong Germany who is now seeking colonies outside of Europe, and as well as that, wanting to create a larger navy fleet. Schlieffen Plan - This was a plan made by Germany and it was to invade France quickly through Belgium and then invade Russia. As well as economic issues, the American public was horrified by reports of humanitarian atrocities such as the Nanking Massacre.
Some of the reasons for this failure include: not all countries in the world were members, the League did not have a dedicated army or armed forces, and it relied on the member nations to enforce economic sanctions. Rise of Nazism in Germany: Extreme and narrow nationalism of Germany, Italy and Japan was one of the chief causes of the Second World War. It was designed to make Germany accept western political institutions and practices which however, were not in tune with the past political experience and values of the people of this state. Weak League of Nations i. After getting nowhere in Britain for months, Germany decided to invade Russia, who actually had a peace treaty with Germany.