It is one of the dangerous form that can effects the drinking water and may causes of various diseases. There are many types of pollution, but four of them have the most perilous affect on our lives. It has been estimated that about 50% of the raw materials ultimately become waste products in industry and about 20% of these wastes are extremely deleterious. Oil Spillage Oil spills usually have only a localized effect on wildlife but can spread for miles. Transforming intensive agriculture into a sustainable system by measures such as i Maintaining a healthy soil community in order to regenerate soil fertility by providing organic manures, increasing fallow periods, avoiding excessive use of chemical fertilizers. Oxygen Depleting Water bodies have micro-organisms. Light pollution prevents citizens from seeing features of the night sky and has also been shown to impede the migration patterns of birds and the activities of nocturnal animals.
Visual Pollution Visual pollution - eyesores - can be caused by other pollution or just by undesirable, unattractive views. Burning fossil fuels along with other sources of pollution not only impacts our globe negatively but also has an effect on our health and wellbeing. It is shocking to know that the air we breathe in is full of impurities and is the cause of many diseases and malfunctioning of our system. On a larger scale, solutions to water pollution globally include the proper treatment of domestic and industrial wastes or sewage instead of dumping the untreated water into the sea , recycling grey water. It is the fourth largest source of air pollution. This can be both liquids and solids, and about 60% of particulate matter pollution is wind-blown dust. Water pollution is one of the most dangerous from of pollution as it decreases the amount of drinkable water that is available.
Rapid urbanization, with the consequent increase in population and building construction, has resulted in the reduction of land for the wastes to be disposed. Air Pollution: The atmosphere is a dynamic system, which steadily absorbs various pollutants from natural and anthropogenic sources. Indian cities alone generate more than 100 million tons of solid waste a year. This natural filtration purifies it and makes it fit for human consumption. When harmful c … hemicals enter the air, it causes health problems, environmental problems, and sometimes damage to property.
Also, the manufacturing of plastics often creates large quantities of chemical pollutants. It takes just five days for the jet stream to carry heavy air pollution from China to the United States, where it stops clouds from producing rain and snow. Ban should be imposed on chemicals, biocides, pesticides which are fatal to plants and animals. Layers of soil on seawater surface destroy aquatic life, as well as bird life that feed on aquatic animals. Sewage contains decomposable organic matter and exerts oxygen demand on the receiving waters. Flow of domestic sewage into freshwater bodies. It can also cause damage to the ear drum which can cause deafness.
A major source of air pollution results from the burning of fossil fuels. Radionuclides of radium, thorium, uranium, isotopes of potassium K-40 and carbon C-14 are very common in soil, rock, water and air. Seepage of pesticides and fertilizers into groundwater. Plastics comprised about 13 percent of the solid waste, while rubber, leather and textiles made up 9. The source of most out … door noise worldwide is mainly construction and transportation systems , including motor vehicle noise, aircraft noise and rail noise. Agricultural run-off- is a surface water leaving farm fields because of excessive precipitation, irrigation or snow melt. The higher the concentration of air pollutants, the harder it to remove it effectively through natural cycles.
Over 1,000 animals birds, turtles, mammals were reported dead, including many already on the endangered species list. According to the , the greenhouse effect is when gases absorb the infrared radiation that is released from the Earth, preventing the heat from escaping. However, the problem of soil pollution differs from air and water pollution in the respect that the pollutants remain in direct contact with the soil for relatively longer periods. Over the years there is an extreme increase in the rate of human diseases, and death rate of various animals and plants on earth, and that is all because of the pollution caused by man himself. Visual pollution Our cities are often polluted with signs, advertisements and overly illuminated billboard lights that are often unattractive causing an eyesore. Agricultural Activities: Several types of biocides such as pesticides, insecticides, herbicides etc. Soil Pollution Stripping soil of its natural fertility by using artificial chemicals like pesticides, insecticides, ripening agents etc.
Other Causes The majority of developing countries burn charcoal, wood, and crop waste to produce fuel used for cooking and heating. Freshwater Pollution : Our major source of fresh water is groundwater. Nitrogen oxides are a family of gases that are also very reactive, but you can definitely see and smell these! This is also called nutrient pollution according to the Effects report. It also adds to air pollution by releasing the volatile compounds into the atmosphere. Lose of wildlife habitat, soil erosion, reduced crop yields, contamination of food, and desertification are the precise consequences of soil pollution. The solvent is attracted while the solute is repelled. Marine Water Pollution : Pollution of seas and rivers is caused by the rivers that dump millions of tonnes of wastes into them.
Now pollution of water bodies has become universal phenomenon in the present day world. Pollution can take any form including chemical substances, heat, light, noise or energy. Examples: smoke, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, chlorofluorocarbon, etc. The facilities to treat waste water are not adequate in any city in India. The use of for political purposes and for sermons by temples and mosques makes noise pollution in worse. The target may be man, animal, plant, tree, building or material which is affected by pollutants.
Enforcing environment audit for industries and promoting eco labelled products. Accordingly, each and every type of pollution has its own distinguishing causes and environmental effects. Over-lighting the night neither improves visibility nor increases nighttime safety, utility, security, or ambiance. It is when nutrients, such as nitrogen, are added into bodies of water. Some suspended pollutants later settle under the water body. The method can remove 99.
The process of sedimentation is a comprehensive natural geomorphological process which operates through the chain of erosion of soils, transportation of sediments eroded material and deposition of these eroded materials in different paths of water bodies. Turning on so many lights may not be necessary. Scientists at Tampere University of Technology, Finland used sand, vulcanite mineral, silica based material, called celite R-633 and pumice to clean up chlorophenol contaminated ground water. Solids or liquids with size less than 100 microns that remain suspended in the air are called particulate pollutants, for example dust, smoke, fog, mist, bacteria and fumes. Plastics-is the general term for a wide range of synthetic, semi-synthetic organic solid materials suitable for the manufacture of industrialized products. Air pollution, then, is the release of these particles and gases into the air.