People who like working … with numbers, balancing budgets and checkbooks and who thrive on a deadline are usually better at accounting than less structured minds. On the other hand, the drawbacks include questions as to the accuracy and relevance of accounting information and understatement of certain expenses, which leads to overstatement of income and may result to over declaration of dividends. Historical Cost Concept Use Under the historical cost concept, assets are valuated at their original cost. Month-end and year-end deadlines are the most stressful times. Mintzberg 1989 has suggested the 10 different schools of thought for strategy.
Write a note on methods of absorption of overheads. Under the prudence concept, do not overestimate the amount of recognized or underestimate the amount of. Stable monetary unit assumption - e. It grants more useful business analysis. Accounting jobs are usually plentiful. Some departments will be adversarial to the accounting department. What is Authorization and how is this concept aligned with Identification and Authentication? Disadvantages If availability of knowledge helps people to do good things, it is also, a help for evil.
For example if stock is valued on the basis of 'cost or market price whichever is lower' the same method should be employed year after year. Monetary Concept All transactions are recorded in. Share capital base increases and the company may achieve a more spectacular size in the eyes of the investing company. In a company, a policy switch might be moving to an e-mail ticketing system rather than calling a team directly. Merits and demerits of this method are as follows.
Basically, the conceptual framework is an attempt to express. Provide at least 3 examples of Network Architecture. Variances, budgeted results, and other techniques ofresponsibility accounting are relatively neutral devices. Benefits of Inheritance: One of the key benefits of inheritance is to minimise the amount of duplicate code in an application by sharing common code amongst several subclasses. In the measurement of values in the financial statements, accountants use a mixture of the four acceptable measurement bases: historical cost, net realizable value, current replacement cost, and present value. Difficulty is one huge drawback of accrual basis accounting, where rules in the recognition of revenue and expenses can be very complicated.
These, any that has something to sell, as tangible goods or not, is a product. Effective quality control is another advantage of the franchise system. Do the criticisms of the concept and the regulatory framework mean that published financial statement do not provide investors with useful information? Accounting systems impact behavior and administration and have effects across divisions, companies, and even nations. Another way of looking at prudence is to only record a revenue or an asset when it is certain, and record an expense transaction or liability when it is probable. Just as this time frame will see some benefits of the equipment, each year in the period will also get some of the expenses through the revenue gained from selling products the machine has produced.
If you would like to reach out to contact Crystal, then go here to. The historical cost is therefore the cost at the time the company or entity completed the transaction. Words: 4534 - Pages: 19. This problemis particularly evident when two or more activities areinterdependent. Red Brick should report the contingent liability in the footnotes of the financial statements. There is change in the purchasing power of the dollar.
The concept of prudence usually applies to the question of when you should recognise profit. Under-depreciation of assets and lower costs If depreciable assets are recorded at their historical cost, then reported depreciation expense will tend to be understated. There is an inherent risk that assets and income of an entity are more likely to be overstated than understated by the management whereas liabilities and expenses are more likely to be understated. Multi-step Income Statement of merchandiser: 1. This understatement of depreciation expense, along with the lower valuation of costs in the income statement, will result to overstatement of net income.
Coal is a ready-made fuel. Each person will interpret a piece of information according to their level of understanding and their own way of interpreting things. Words: 3842 - Pages: 16. The principle of monetary standardization ignores the fluctuations in monetary values of asset and liability. They will eventually run out.