The Heart of Hinduism, in the spirit of the tradition, aims to be non-sectarian, even-handed, and respectful in its description of all the Hindu traditions. Such souls are rare but dearer to God who have completely surrendered themselves to Him and spend their lives in total devotion to and continuous contemplation of Him. The act of seeking out those things—action and jnana, which together form karma—will often involve goals and motivations that are displeasing to the gods, such as egoism. When my wife was a child in Catholic school, she was trained it was a sin even to attend a Lutheran service! But the attitude of the genuine bhakti yogis is, whatever practices awaken genuine love of the One Supreme God should be accepted as bona fide, regardless of church or specific doctrine. For Chaitanya, devoted worship between a human and a god bore great similarity to the intimacy in a marriage Singh D 31.
The Nine Limbs of Devotion 1. The yogic rituals performed are meant to provide appropriate times and places for practitioners to have encounters and experiences with the goddess. This sacred text is over two thousand years old. The Yogas that are spoken of in the Bhagavad Gita are in many ways interconnected. In South India passionate, often erotic, poems to Shiva and Vishnu particularly to Krishna were composed in Tamil and other , such as , , and. On the highest level, karma-yoga means the unreserved dedication of all activities to serve the Supreme Lord. He should have respect, reverence, and love for his master, who will open his spiritual eye and transmit his own spiritual powers to his soul.
In Gaudiya Vaisnava Bhakti, yogic rituals in which worshippers relive mythical and historical occurrences of great emotion are performed in order to increase devotion and provide understanding of the worshipper role that each person has to Krsna or Radha McDaniel 54. It is not a matter of pasting together separate units. As for the case of spiritual liberation, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism all maintain a similar belief regarding love. Bhakti Yoga can be practiced by itself or be integrated into other types of yoga or spiritual practices. Still, the notions of bhakti spread to all areas of Hindu tradition, especially music and literature Singh R 226.
By bringing out all the outspoken parts of the inner self, the individual will be able to enter the process of the awareness of his consciousness. Two of the greatest mystics of Catholicism, Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross, lived in sixteenth-century Spain, reforming their monastic orders and writing poetry and other spiritual books. One of its greatest poets was a woman--Mirabai. Sharma, Krishna 1987 Bhakti and the Bhakti movement: a new perspective : a study in the history of ideas. A commonly practiced approach to the Yogas is to choose one primary path to follow, while still observing the practices of the other Yogas in a secondary manner. But finite is the fruit gained by these men of lesser wisdom.
Bhakti yoga is one of the easiest to perform among the different paths and it is the path that can be easily mastered by an individual. Hindu movements in which bhakti yoga is the main practice are called bhakti movements — the major schools of which are Vaishnavism, Shaivism, and Shaktism. The Lord is never satisfied with the boons he confers on His devotees. All cares, worries and anxieties, fears, mental torments, and tribulations entirely vanish. Rituals, which had previously been the only prescribed way and had been performed in conjunction with priests, gave way to a more intimate connection between the gods and humans. A guru is often consulted to teach members what acts they can do to best serve their God, however once these methods have been learned and ultimately perfected over time, innumerable variations may be made to individualize the act of worship Haberman 133.
Thus it is spoken of in the scriptures regarding constant remembering as a means to liberation. These differences are not static, but instead dynamic, changing over time and space. Through the course of numerous philosophical and theological discussions between Prince Arjuna and Krsna, the concepts and application of the Yogas are introduced. New Delhi : Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. Even if a sinful person worships him with complete devotion, he should be regarded as saint for he has rightly decided to do so and speedily he becomes a dharmatma righteous soul 9. The first is Karma Yoga, also known as the Path of Action.
It is little wonder that the Bhakti Yoga tradition has become such a broad and encompassing division of Hindu tradition. In Gaudiya Vaisnava Bhakti, yogic rituals in which worshippers relive mythical and historical occurrences of great emotion are performed in order to increase devotion and provide understanding of the worshipper role that each person has to Krsna or Radha McDaniel 54. Bhakti yoga gives the practitioner joy, besides being easy to practise. If you accept Christ as Supreme Lord, and understand Him as such, that understanding is not incorrect. This allows both teachers and practitioners to dodge the true meaning of Yoga so as to present it as being something other than a spiritual path such as only physical health or fitness.
Even a renunciate living in a Himalayan cave has to do some form of actions, and thus, some degree of Karma Yoga is essential. Timothy has been serving as the Executive Director of YogaBasics. The devotee is freed from the Samsaric wheel of births and deaths. . Moments of love let one abide in immortality. In addition to differences in general doctrine and follower personality, the selection of each Yoga path is also strongly related to the deity that an individual worships.
These variations may be the result of regional variability, the plethora of deities that are available for worship, or even socioeconomic and social differences that exemplify the traditional caste jati and class Varna system of Hinduism. Bhakti Yoga is the most direct method, the shortest way to experience the divine. The mahatmas great souls know how to worship God with undivided mind, as they know Him to be Imperishable and the true cause of all beings 9. Timothy has studied and taught many styles of yoga and has completed a 500-hour Advanced Pranakriya Yoga training. McDaniel, June 2012 The Role of Yoga in Some Bengali Bhakti Traditions: Shaktism, Gaudiya Vaisnavism, Baul, and Sahajiya Dharma.