Retrieved January 9, 2014 from Perreault, Samuel and Shannon Brennan. Here we review four of the major sociological explanations for deviant behavior. The bond consists of four positively correlated factors: opportunity, attachment, belief, and involvement. Judges were also found to be more likely to impose harsher penalties on teenagers from divorced families. Folk Devils and Moral Panics. Both girls are good students, good athletes and have never been in trouble with the law.
Eventually, the whole community will stigmatize the actor as a deviant and the actor will not be able to tolerate this, but will ultimately accept his or her role as a criminal, and will commit criminal acts that fit the role of a criminal. Television news coverage often shows police in white, disposable hazardous-waste outfits removing marijuana plants from suburban houses, and presenting exaggerated estimates of the street value of the drugs. This is an extremely serious crime, which merits the attention given to it by the criminal justice system. In special cases where the parties agree, aboriginal sentencing circles involve victims, the aboriginal community, and aboriginal elders in a process of deliberation with aboriginal offenders to determine the best way to find healing for the harm done to victims and communities. One category of deviance is crime, which occurs when someone violates a society's formal laws. Criminal behavior motivations and technical knowledge , as with any other sort of behavior, is learned. Part of the problem of deviance is that the social process of labelling some kinds of persons or activities as abnormal or deviant limits the type of social responses available.
This cannot be answered without addressing this question of deviance. The major contribution to the declining crime rate has been decreases in nonviolent crime, especially decreases in mischief, break-ins, disturbing the peace, theft of a motor vehicle, and possession of stolen property. An examination of the situation allows for the application of this preliminary theory on the social control of status deviance. Primary And Secondary Deviation is what causes people to become harder criminals. I will examine approaches to deviance through biological, psychological and sociological methodologies and while the examination of the theories is necessarily brief, it. To study norms and deviance, one must contextualize the action, or consider the action in light of all of the circumstances surrounding it. Asch conformity experiments, Conscience, Milgram experiment 1034 Words 3 Pages Introducing Deviance Within society there is culture and norms-principals, standards, and expectations.
In this theory, laws are instruments of oppression: tough on the powerless and less tough on the powerful. People needed to be governed in all aspects of their lives. Crime would entail the breaking of the law according to time and place, deviance would be an action that is unacceptable to the majority within the time and place, but both can alter during time, place, culture and social norms including religion. As a result we view deviance as something that should be removed from society and once society becomes free of deviance, it becomes healthy and close to perfect. The homicide rate fell to its lowest level since 1966. As a part of this theory, there is a primary and secondary deviance. By contrast, strong bonds make deviance costly.
Gretchen, who was just married, decided to keep her maiden name instead of taking her husband's surname. If ignored or unpunished, undermines other people's will to conform. In order to know how not to unsettle society, one must be aware of what behaviors are marked as deviant. Deviance provides the key to understanding the disruption and re-calibration of society that occurs over time. First, it affirms and values. While it is usually social convention to show up in some manner of usually professional dress to a job interview, this is most likely not the case for someone interviewing to be a nude model. Gifted children might receive an enriched educational program, whereas poorer students might receive remedial lessons.
Institutions of normalization and the criminal justice system have to be seen in context as mechanisms that actively maintain the power structure of the political-economic order. Rebels reject society's goals and legitimate means to achieve them, and instead create new goals and means to replace those of society, creating not only new goals to achieve but also new ways to achieve these goals that other rebels will find acceptable. When the symbols and ideas about deviation are much more favorable than unfavorable, the individual tends to take a favorable view upon deviance and will resort to more of these behaviors. There are many different theories and perspectives on why people do things like abuse drugs, and although we my never have all the answers, sociology still help us to understand the problem better. In particular feminists challenged the twin myths of rape that were often the subtext of criminal justice proceedings presided over largely by men Kramar 2011. This set up a vicious circle in which the research confirmed the prejudices of police and judges who continued to label, arrest, and convict the children of divorced families disproportionately.
Another had a large Nazi flag pinned to the wall of his apartment. Secondary deviance is when someone makes something out of that deviant behavior and is given a negative social label that changes a person's self-concept and social identity. Usually of sufficient severity to warrant disapproval from the majority of society. What deviant actions - negative or positive - have in common is that they are different than what is expected. However, even there, deviance still occurs. His girlfriend loved it, his friends wanted to take it tailgating, and people offered to buy it.
Hinch Scarborough, On: Prentice Hall. There are four different types of deviant behaviors falling into different categories. Crime, Criminology, Culture 924 Words 3 Pages Theories of Deviance Applied to Drug Use Since the dawn of society there have been people whose behavior differed from the rest of society. Schoepflin interviewed Bill, curious first to know why he drove such an unconventional car. Formal deviance results in legal sanctions, such as fines or prison, while informal deviance results in social sanctions or stigma.