Many, including Beckett, have commented on the particular difficulty of interpreting Endgame. Mourning and Melancholia in Psychoanalytic Theory For Freud, mourning and melancholia are responses to the loss of a libidinal object. The history that reflects directly on the play itself is worth sole attention. Contrary to commentators who argue that silence is the goal of Beckett's work, Adorno and Critchley rightly argue that for Beckett, writing is the necessary desecration of silence. It is to be looked at and listened to. After he checks on Nagg once again, refusing to kiss Hamm or even to give a hand to hold, Clov exits to check on the trapped rat in the kitchen. Told daily and seemingly without an end because a biography can only truly be ended when the person is dead , the story seems to hint at the possibility that Clov might be the boy alluded to.
Many words used by them refer to the lack of mobility, endings, death, pain and etc. He then takes the cloth off and inspects each of the other characters, laughing at them. The central story in Endgame is so cynical that it is indeed difficult to find disguised within it anything that could be yearned for. Being blind, he could see no reason for it to stop unless it had reached a station, but this was not true. Realist works are characterized by traditional narrative and real story that has real characters, events and conflict. Nagg and Nell, the elderly parents of Hamm, hold the power of memories.
Her evidence, however, lead me to this conclusion. For endless repetition invariably creates an unbearable tension in the audiencea tension that, lacking closure, can never find release. The purgatory is a region where one sinks to wipe out the sin. Nagg and Nell try to kiss but are physically unable to. He has silenced the whistle and is content with his inertia. Black Sun 4 In Endgame, there is a tension between a desire for the end, for silence and stillness, and a desire to prolong the end by talkingby repeating the same old jokes and stories, by repeating the same old questions and answers.
This work can be considered as a type of contrasting companion piece to Act Without Words I, a play that has no dialogue, no spoken words, and no sound effects except the sound of a whistle; the play relies entirely on mime. Hamm feels it and fondles it at first Endgame 40 , then he wants the dog to look up at him as if it were begging or imploring him for a bone Endgame 41 , and towards the end of the play, he throws the dog on the ground Endgame 84. Through melody, rhythm, semantic polyvalency, and parody, the poetic form, in decomposing and recomposing signs, is able to secure an uncertain but adequate hold over the Thing Black Sun 14. To illustrate this point, at the start of the work Clov looks out the two windows and laughs. It's holy, respect for Jesus and Mary. Grain upon grain, one by one, and one day, suddenly, there's a heap, a little heap, the impossible heap. Clov must get the stepladder he has either shrunk or else the windows have risen and the telescope.
The relationship between Hamm and his father is also ambivalent. Tyler's bicycle becomes significant in the barrenness of the world around him. There is a twofold relationship between melancholia and art: on the one hand, melancholia is a source of artistic creativity, and on the other hand, works of art may have a therapeutic function in overcoming melancholia, both for the artist and the observer. In the same manner, the setting and stage are kept minimal. You and I, mean something! Therefore, this remark encourages us to realize the possibility of our own inescapable isolation.
In the end, this is a question that can only be answered based on the experience of the reader or spectator. It uses technique that represents real speech, action, events and clear emotions. Several possible interpretations are suggested: Is the story made up, as Hamm suggests? Some have interpreted this to signify that the play takes place after some end-of-the-world disaster. Phil Baker argues that Krapp's Last Tape and Rockaby move from melancholia to mourning, unlike the interminable. Additional references to zero reinforce this notion. It is the shape that matters. After receiving one of the highest awards known to humanity, he kept a low profile.
Like Beckett's earlier play, Waiting for Godot, Endgame stands out for its apparent lack of action: no significant events take place, and the characters find no meaning in their lives. Despite the desire for the end and for silence in Endgame, the previous passage suggests the impossibility of silence. Similarly, Ham is blind and unable to move out of his chair. Samuel Beckett offers in this play a stark, spare representation of the human condition in its emptiness. With respect to Nerval's prosodic polymorphism, Kristeva argues that creating an undecidable polyphony with symbols provides an antidote to depression Black Sun 170. Based on this reading of Beckett's work, Endgame seems to put death the unrepresentable and the unnameableinto signs.
As Clov and Hamm got older less events occurred which caused these feelings of sadness. Most of the play tells about their efforts which will help them pass the time. The linguistic minimalism is one of the strongest ways to deliver the meaning of meaninglessness of life and dialogue. But Hamm and Clov's unwillingness to face this pain alone somehow makes the pain greater, and their complementary, dominant-submissive pairing a staple of Beckett's plays highlights their numbing dependency. It's composed of a series of interactions between Hamm, Clov, Nell and Nagg. Intorno a te ci sarà il vuoto infinito, tutti i morti di tutti i tempi non basterebbero, risuscitando, a colmarlo, e sarai come un sassolino in mezzo alla steppa.