Some states have more than one state party. Communist Party of India Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy 5. The methodology of election is through universal adult suffrage, whereby every citizen of India over 18 years of age is an eligible voter in the eyes of the Constitution. The president also does not have discretion in the exercise of his executive powers, as the real executive authority lies in the cabinet. In democracy, the political parties train up and educate the people in the light of political consciousness. The way these groups are acknowledged is they are able to find many people who share an idea and show that there is a large majority of people who feel strongly about an issue.
There are 49 State Recognized Parties in India. The first successful transfer of power from one party to another came in 1800, when Thomas Jefferson, a Democratic-Republican, was elected president. As per latest publication from , the total number of parties registered was 1841, with 7 national parties, 51 state parties and 1785 unrecognised parties. It exercises immense control over administration, finance, legislation, military, etc. The parliamentary form of government in India is based on the pattern of the British.
The riots were followed by , which resulted in more deaths. The elected members of the Lok Sabha, the Lower House of the Parliament, together elect the Prime Minister. The opposition parties also serve the country to a great extent because they criticise the ruling party for its excesses and prevent it from becoming autocratic. The members of various parties support or oppose the Bills and the budget according to the decisions of their leaders. The regional parties are a good vote bank, due to which they bear a chief importance for the major political parties contesting for the power.
This could mean two regional parties joining hands to form the government an unlikely event! To achieve the political conditions, it is necessary to adopt a Constitution which vests powers in the people. All India Trinamool Congress Mamata Banerjee 2 Types of Political Parties in India — State Recognized Parties What is a State Political Party? It is definite that as a country we will experience heightened political activities in the coming months as the general elections draw near. The government at the centre and the state are democratically elected and follow the patterns of the two houses of the Parliament - Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Likewise in the communist stronghold of Kerala, there are several communist parties. Illiteracy is a major factor which can affect the smooth functioning of democracy in the country. Political Parties never try to extend their support to the ruling party in their welfare measures. Shiv Sena is dominated by Bal Thakarey.
It must be noted with a greater degree of shame and regret that some of the parties stoop to national disintegration for the accomplishment of their ideological aims. The Constitution should protect the fundamental and human rights, and universal adult franchise should be followed to elect a representative. No one national party is able to secure on itsÂ own a majority in Lok Sabha. Political Party — Why is it Formed? This helps in the increase of the knowledge of the people in local, provincial, national and international, spheres and they receive a good political education. Stay updated with more articles for competitive exams. They put into practice the public opinion which they have been instrumental in moulding and expressing. After 1920, started the Gandhi era which laid emphasis on Satyagraha, non-violence, civil disobedience and non-cooperation.
The vice-president is also elected by an electoral college, consisting of members of both houses of parliament. The occurrence of increasing number of regional parties has signified the various segmental personalities and interests. It breeds factional elements of disunity, sowing the seeds of diversity while at the same time it strengthens and consolidates the nation. By voting for other parties and helping elect a different government, citizens demonstrate that they possess ultimate authority. This has contributed to the strengthening of federalism and democracy in our county.
States may either have a unicameral or bicameral legislature, varying from state to state. These political parties are almost indispensable for the working of democracy. It is easy for groups the larger the better, i. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status. The ruling party can hardly afford to be slack and negligent in the performance of its duty towards the country to provide an efficient and sound administration. It can bring to light its acts of omission and commission. A democratic political system cannot be run without political parties.
They have a direct impact on public policy affecting millions of lives. National parties are political parties which, participate in different elections all over India. Act , 1951, to exclude expenditure incurred by political parties from the statement of accounts lodged by contesting candidates. Definition — A political party is a group of people, with similar political aim , coming together to contest election. They do so by casting their vote in favour of the candidate or party whose views appeal to them.