Cluster analysis formed a group with specimens from the north and the other, with multiple subgroups, from the south and center of the state. Country Quantity Tonnes Value Rs. How to Control: Spraying Dithane Z-78 0. Pests and Diseases In general, the sapodilla tree remains supremely healthy with little or no care. Periodically, dead leaves, twigs etc must be removed. Manilkara zapota is a fruit belonging to the Sapotaceae, native to Mexico and Central America and is cultivated in tropical countries. Intercultural Operations in Growing Sapodilla:- Carrying timely intercultural operation in Sapota plantation results in good plant growth and high yields.
Under these conditions, fruitcould be stored for up to eight weeks. Calcutta Round The foliage is high green in color. No commercial plantation has come up in Punjab plains due to low yield per trees. It should be eaten when firm-soft, not mushy. Therefore over irrigation should be avoided.
Air layering is the most common means ofpropagation in India and there has been a fair amount of research regardingoptimal treatment of air-layered plants. In 20-25 0 C and can be stored for five weeks. Fully ripe fruits frozen at 32º F 0º C keep perfectly for 33 days. Fertilizer doses for sapota per tree State Farmyard manure N g P2 O5 g K2O g Andhra Pradesh Assam Gujarat Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Orissa Tamil Nadu 50. When immature it is hard, gummy and very astringent.
Types of vegetative propagation 1. Out of India Sapota is cultivated for the extraction of Chicle gum. Young leafy shoots are eaten raw or steamed with rice in Indonesia, after washing to eliminate the sticky sap. Thrips pollination in sapodilla Manilkara zapota. Since sapota is a climacteric fruit, it has to be ripening artificially. On the flip side, fruits harvested late soften quickly resulting in spoilage during handling and transportation. Sometimes fruits do not develop into their normal shape but develop a depression or furrow towards the calyx end.
Food Value Immature sapodillas are rich in tannin proanthocyanadins and very astringent. The moth of a leaf miner Acrocercops gemoniella is active on young leaves. Mature fruits do not show green tissue or latex underneath the brown skin of the epicarp. Grafts are often planted at the beginning of the rainy season. Note: Planting season and varieties vary from region to region in Growing Sapodilla.
Inside, its flesh ranges from a pale yellow to an earthy brown color with a grainy texture akin to that of a well-ripened. According to Peiris 2007 , sapodilla is one of the most under utilized fruits which then resulted in the limited information available about this fruit including in Indonesia. Judging maturity in sapodilla is extremelydifficult. The analysis also showed that the biggest change occurred in conservation areas of the state. Planting should be avoided during the periods of heavy rains. The plant parts like leaf, stem, root and other root producing plant organs are used.
Since it is not produced in many areas, the fruits cultivated in the country are sent for export and maximum is used for the local requirement. The slow-growing sapodilla makes a satisfactory container or greenhouse specimen. There are many improved and high yielding varieties of sapota. Tissue Culture — Banana, Gerbera, Carnation Advantages of Asexual propagation 1. Flesh creamy white, firm, crisp, sweet with a blend of acidity. The actual cost will vary depending on location, plant population and plot geometry.
The best seeds are large ones from large fruits. Harvested fruits should be cleaned of latex and scurf by washing in clean water to make them look attractive. Post-Harvest Management Of Sapota The sapota after harvest has to be artificially ripened using ethylene. Fully ripe fruits frozen at 32° F keep perfectly for a month. So, the variety with the best quality and high yield must be selected. However, inarching is there considered superior to grafting, giving a greater percentage of success.
Skin scruffy brown with gray patches. Sapodilla is known as mispel in the and Dutch Caribbean; zapote in ; níspero in , , , , , , , Panama, and ; dilly in ; naseberry in and other parts of the ; sapoti in Portuguese pronunciation: and ; chico in the and chicosapote or chicozapote in , , , and. This information would provide evidencethat sapodilla is not self-incompatible as previously suggested. Higher densities can also be used but that is dependent on the variety or cultivar used. These changes can be regulated through chemicals, temperature and storage gas composition. Drip irrigation not only saves water and also helps in controlling weed growth and utilization of fertilizers. In areas having heavy rainfall, it can be planted in September.
Under North India conditions October fertilization can be injurious due to cold winters in the coming months. Sapota is a climacteric fruit and can be harvested when fruits are still hard. It is used for making sherbet, halva Singh et al. The ornamental leaves are medium green and glossy. These are used as a base material in chewing gum and in some other industrial products. This system should be laid out with 2 drippers spaced 50 cm from tree during initial 2 years and 4 drippers at 1m from tree until 5 years of age.