It is only after their adolescent years are over that children become mature and begin to understand important concepts like society and expectations to name a few. Today, some people are saying a way to make the world safer is for juveniles to be tried as adults. The findings indicated that prosecution of juveniles in criminal court is generally reserved for those charged with the quite serious crimes of murder, robbery, and aggravated assault. Kids — they can be a handful, and at times, aberrant, especially when they lack the nurturing and discipline in their formative years. The Right to a Trial By Jury The juvenile courts do not have a jury, and offenders are not given a proper trial. If such rule is completely abolished, people would think twice before doing something that will send them to jail.
They may have limited options for school, work, business, and even finding a future partner. What crimes did these three boys featured in the documentary commit that deserve sympathy? Maryland Law In Maryland, there are several instances where a juvenile charged with a crime will automatically be transferred to adult court to answer for their behavior. Most prosecutors accept that if defendants under 16 were in their right mind, were not mentally challenged, and deliberately engaged in the death or severe harm of another human, then they acted in the manner of an adult. In , another 12-year-old boy is charged with murdering his father's pregnant fiance. These courts, generally referred to as juvenile courts, deal in civil proceedings rather than criminal. It explains the legal consequences of trying juvenile offenders in criminal court and placing them in adult correctional facilities. What is funny though is that lying about the shooting was one of the reasons that the District Attorney used so that the case was kept in an adult court.
The frequency of young kids committing horrendous crimes has been on a steady rise for the past couple of decades. Children that see their peers receiving harsh punishments are also much less likely to commit crimes of their own. Pros of Juveniles Being Tried As Adults 1. Mature Mental Ability Begins Much Earlier The majority of states consider children to be adults at the age of 18. If a juvenile is beyond that age, they are automatically within the jurisdiction of adult criminal court, regardless of the offense charged. Paraphrase: New laws have increased the potential for criminal prosecution making it easier for juveniles to be tried as adults. Jarad was the gunman in a drive-by which left a young girl paralyzed for life and injured several others.
It was also discovered that young adults are now being used by adults to commit crimes on their behalf. Today, virtually every juvenile offender who has a past criminal history, or is arrested for a violent crime like rape or murder, is tried in an adult court Paraphrase: the incarceration of young prisoners in adult prisons has an extremely destructive effect. In addition, according to the U. The idea was to educate and rehabilitate juveniles so as to attack what were believed to be the roots of juvenile delinquency—a lack of moral education and standards. Juveniles people housed in federal and state prisons in this country, and nearly 200,000 youth enter the adult criminal-justice system each year,.
Of the juveniles held in adult jails, most of them are awaiting trial, as 39 states permit or require that youth charged as adults be held in an adult jail before they are tried. Consequences of Being Tried as an Adult Being tried in adult court as opposed to juvenile court presents many serious consequences. In only two states—New York and North Carolina—age 15 is considered the upper age of majority for juvenile court. What do you have to say? Violent crimes receive the harshest punishments, and it is said that the same should carry forth and continue for children as well. List of Pros of Juveniles Tried as Adults 1. He was only 14 years old.
Violent crime rates and juvenile crime have been in a steady decline over the past 20 years; however, reforms to restore the juvenile court system to its original vision have not been as swift. In the 1960s, a series of cases made their way to the U. Results of those policies demonstrate that they have failed as recidivism rates for juveniles increased when prosecuted in adult court versus juvenile court. If these offenders will be tried as adults and punished to the full extent of the law, they would probably think twice about committing a crime or violating the law. His case and many others have spurred heated debates from different sides.
Not only is this devastating for these young individuals, it also perpetuates a larger cycle of youth incarceration that is incredibly expensive to taxpayers as they must continue to foot the bill for recidivism. It is an understood and proven fact that at an age like this, it is impossible for them to have the mental ability of a normal adult that is required to plan and execute a crime, and moreover to understand the consequences of it. There are three typical ways that a case can be transferred from juvenile court jurisdiction to adult court: judicial waiver laws, prosecutorial discretion or concurrent jurisdiction laws, and statutory exclusion laws. This is a scary fact because it shows how the boundaries are being more and more blurred for these young people. Where the penitentiaries fail the most with criminals this young is with what happens when they are sent away. Alaska, Arkansas, and Utah have either,undue financial burden and the right of states to oversee their criminal-justice system.
Over the years, these young offenders are free to cultivate criminal minds and behaviors all because of the absence of ample punishment. In juvenile court, the presiding judge is asked to determine whether the accused is considered a juvenile delinquent or not. Opponents of trying juveniles in adult courts say more needs to be done for the nation's young criminals, and that the law needs to take into account their psychological development and maturity. Solutions: Keeping kids out of the adult system There are notable success stories that suggest keeping kids out of the adult system can be extremely beneficial. Two Wisconsin girls, both 12 years old when they stabbed their classmates 19 times, are causing a heated debate of whether or not they will be tried in an adult court. Many of these points, we are aware, are in direct opposition of each other, and yet, each of these issues is worth considering and argued upon.