The Hispanics have a culture that is different from mine and as such they view death and dying in a different way from mine. Individual variation is a hallmark of this theory — not all individuals develop and age at the same rate and in the same manner. Genetics, cultural norms, levels of stress, available medical care, attitudes about preventive medicine, and social bias toward the elderly contribute to remarkable differences in aging populations Berger, 2008. Psychological aspects of death among the elderly: a review of the literature. Age differences in fluid and crystallized intelligence. Hopefully with that knowledge, we can help people live longer and live life to the fullest. Words: 1900 - Pages: 8.
Her lungs seem to still be pretty strong due to her exercise and high activity. In fact, they may be faster than most of people several years younger Nelson, 2004. What are the reasons for this trend? However, most of these changes and developments are solely caused by the diverse stages we go through as human beings. Not only for the dying individual, but also equally important for the dying person's family and friends, religious belief systems provide hope and lessen the helplessness commonly experienced during this time. For instance, the picture below shows the relationship between genetic variation in the biology, the environment and the behavior of an individual.
It is considered that late adulthood starts at the age of 65 years. Out of almost 7 billion people on the planet, about 25 are over 110. Quality of life in late adulthood is determined by genetics, the modification of destructive lifestyles and behaviors, and selecting healthier options not only throughout the earlier stages of development but especially in this stage for improvements to health and having an overall sense of well-being Berger, 2008. The development stages are purely determined by biological and sociological heritage encountered by human beings. Journal of the American Medical Association, 254 10 , 1321-1325. When a person is sick in their culture, the family and close friends often gather in a small circle and then pray for a food item which they take close to the patient to either facilitate quick recovery or peaceful death Eyetsemitan, 2002.
Higher sense of security 3. The Lancet Neurology, 12 4 , 346-356. Secondary mental abilities include knowledge acquired through experience and fluid intelligence abilities of flexible and abstract thinking. A dying person might also have some specific fears and concerns. With technology and high quality medical care, aging adults continue to be a valuable resource for younger generations. Adulthood Once individuals enter responsible relationships with work and family, there is a major shift in attitudes of death and dying Berger, 2008. Psychological and sociological factors also play a role in how individuals age.
To schedule a keynote or workshop on the 12 stages of life go to the. I plan to continue working as an older adult in order to keep exercising my mind and body. Yet Kaare and developmental psychology professionals who study this age category maintain that even the 50% attributed to genetics can be influenced, somewhat, by environmental factors. James when I asked him about the rapid changes in the society and the behaviors of the people. Erik Erikson suggests at this time in life it is important to find meaning and satisfaction rather than becoming bitter and disillusioned.
Secondly the classical view states that the wicked will be cast into hell that supports the. He had so many wise loving pieces of advice for me and my siblings. While some people are free to show their emotions during the mourning period and at funerals, others, such as the Bali women are discouraged from crying Dennis, 2008. People have also been encouraged to exercise and eat more healthy foods. In perceiving the perceptions of death and dying it differs from culture to culture.
Habits such as exercise, taking drugs and exposure to some chemicals can determine how one will age. For instance, during birth, one does not have an idea of what death is. There several factors related to promoting health and wellness. Death is very personalized such as life. The most under looked aspect of aging is the socioemotional process. Research on the include a decrease in openness and extraversion in adulthood; an increase of agreeableness with age; peak conscientiousness in middle age; and a decrease of neuroticism late in life. Statistics has shown that about 20% of the American population is composed of people aged 65 years and above.
Despite of this, many die in institutions. Even though we all will age there are measures that can be taken to reduce the effects of aging. When he did take a moment to sit, he was reading, at least till he started snoring. Her health is very good; in fact I forget that she is even 71 years. In Adult development and aging, 7th edition pp. Children do not really have the ability to understand death. Cognitive Changes Overall, memory fades as people age and there are marked differences in each decade - the 70s, 80s, and 90s.
Remaining socially active and independent for as long as possible instead of succumbing to isolating is key during this stage of adulthood Berger, 2008. On the other hand, some people might feel that they were an intricate part of society and are able to leave this world with the belief that their point of view was always the correct one. Psychology and Aging, 3 2 , 122-130. The way people react to death can be determined by their age and the closeness they had with the person who died. As social workers continue to serve devalued groups elderly, poor, disabled , they need to continue to advocate for more equitable social policies regarding end of life decisions and for better access to resources. Even with the emergence of palliative care programs and hospice programs, the majority of elderly people do not die in their own home as is their preference.
Words: 2168 - Pages: 9. The Surgical Clinics of North America, 74 1 , 23-39. Psychologists have developed various ways through which individuals can eliminate the negative consequences of aging. How we accept it depends on where we are mentally, emotionally and spirituality Since we have evaluated health and wellness to give a better idea of what individuals in late adulthood can do to add to their longevity, it is easier to understand some of the stereotypes older people face of their ages. Those in hospitals and nursing homes differ in risk for a multitude of disorders in comparison to community-dwelling older adults. Hospice care is designed for those who are nearing the end of life. Alternative treatment options include non-pharmacological therapy.