Indirect Election: Whereas Lok Sabha is directly elected on the basis of adult suffrage for five years, the Rajya Sabha in except for a few nominated by the President for special knowledge indirectly elected in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote. Powers and functions of the Speaker The Speaker has extensive functions to perform in matters of administrative and parliamentary business nature. Shri Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan Aug. If that had been the case then only the ruling party representatives would make it through. Emoluments: The salary of the Chairman is the same as that of the speaker, viz. The Vice-President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha.
The present strength of Rajya Sabha, however, is 245, out of which 233 are representatives of the States and Union territories of Delhi and Puducherry and 12 are nominated by the President. Again, Rajya Sabha cannot amend a Money Bill; it can only recommend amendments and Lok Sabha may either accept or reject all or any of the recommendations made by Rajya Sabha. Vice - President of India is the Ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. The Rajya Sabha was first constituted on 3. Exclusive Powers of Rajya Sabha Though in the legislative and financial spheres Rajya Sabha enjoys either inferior or co-equal position with the Lok Sabha, in certain other spheres it has been given exclusive powers which are not available to the Lok Sabha. His decision is final and binding.
When the Chairman acts as the President of India during a casual vacancy, the office of the Chairman of the Council of States falls vacant and the duties of the office of the Chairman shall be performed by the Deputy Chairman. The Secretary-General works with anonymity and is readily available to the Presiding Officers for rendering advice on parliamentary matters. Since the Indian system of government follows the Westminster Model, the parliamentary proceedings of the country are headed by a presiding officer who is called a Speaker. Further it provided for open voting instead of secret ballot. He must not be less than 30 years of age. Under certain circumstances, however, Rajya Sabha enjoys special powers in this regard. It is also known as the Council of States as its members are elected not by the general public but by the members of the state legislative assembly.
The Rajya Sabha has certain special powers which the Lok Sabha does not have. Currently, Chairman of Rajya Sabha is Mr. Third, Rajya Sabha alongwith Lok Sabha considers the reports of U. There is no joint sitting of both the houses with respect to money bills, because all final decisions are taken by the Lok Sabha. The allocation of seats is made on the basis of the population of each State.
The present strength of Rajya Sabha, however, is 245, out of which 233 are representatives of the States and Union territories of Delhi and Puducherry and 12 are nominated by the President. Thus, the Speaker plays the crucial role of ensuring that the Lok Sabha carries forward its role of legislation peacefully, maintaining harmony in the Houses of Parliament and taking crucial procedural decisions of the House. Thus the Rajya Sabha can prevent a constitutional amendment even if the Bill has been passed by the Lok Sabha. Protem Speaker Our Constitution provides that the speaker of the last Lok Sabha shall vacate his office immediately before the first meeting of the newly elected Lok Sabha. However, the Speaker continues in his office till the next Lok Sabha is constituted. It can have less than 60 members only through an Act of Parliament as is the case in Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the Union Territory of Puducherry.
The Presiding officer of the Rajya Sabha is known as the Chairman. However, they are not entitled to vote in Presidential elections as per Article 55 of the Constitution. As the members are elected by the state legislature, smaller Union Territories which are not States and do not have legislatures cannot have representation in Rajya Sabha. As presiding officer, the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha is responsible for maintaining order and decorum in the house and conducts the proceedings in accordance with the rules. If a Proclamation is issued at a time when Lok Sabha has been dissolved or the dissolution of Lok Sabha takes place within the period allowed for its approval, then the proclamation remains effective, if the resolution approving it is passed by Rajya Sabha within the period specified in the Constitution under articles 352, 356 and 360. Every Minister has the right to speak and take part in the proceedings of either House but he is entitled to vote only in the House of which he is a member. Ambedkar 2 Jawaharlal Nehru 3 Mahatma Gandhi 4 Shri Ashok Mehta.
The Secretary-General is also the administrative head of the Rajya Sabha Secretariat and the custodian of the records of the House. The members nominated by the President are persons having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as literature, science, art and social service. Speakers of Lok Sabha: Lok Sabha Name of Speaker Tenure First Lok Sabha Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar 5 May, 1952 — 27 February, 1956 M. Gurupadaswamy March 1971 April 1972 3 Shri Mamlapati Tripathi 30. Shri Uma Shankar Dikshit May 1971 Dec. He works as the spokesperson of the House in expressing sense of the House and represents it on ceremonial or formal occasions.
A person to be qualified for the membership of the Rajya Sabha must not be less than 30 years of age. The Vice-President of India is ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. A money bill can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha by a minister and only on recommendation of President of India. Lok-Sabha is compose … d of representatives of the people chosen by the direct election on the basis of adult suffrage. They are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh. He presides over the first sitting of the newly elected Lok Sabha. Procedure for Rajya sabha elections are more complex when compared to Loksabha elections.
The function was only recognized in the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of the Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977. Reasons for the Adoption of Proportional Representation for Council of States: While the system of separate electorates was abandoned by the Constitution, the system of proportional representation was partially adopted for the second Chamber in the Union and State Legislatures. The position of the Vice-President, as the Chairman of Rajya Sabha, is one of esteem and dignity. The election season is on and you might have heard people around you talking about Vidhan Sabha, Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha but do you know the differences between them? When the offices of both the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman remain vacant at the same time, the President may appoint a member of the Rajya Sabha to discharge the duties of the Chairman, until another Deputy Chairman is elected. Usually, the speaker remains in office during the life of Lok Sabha.
The date of election of the speaker is fixed by the President. He ensures that all possible and reasonable facilities are made available to the House for a meaningful discussion on any matter that is brought before it. It consists of 250 members Out of these 238 members represent the states, while the other 12 are nominated by the President of India from amongst persons with special knowledge or practical experience in the field of Literature, Science, Art and Social Sciences. Why Rajya Sabha or Council of States? In the example given above if for 4th seat no one gets 44 in first preference, how are 2nd preference votes counted? The Speaker is elected in the very first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the General Elections for a term of 5 years from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha. The members nominated by the President are persons having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as literature, science, art and social service.