Political science began as early as 14th century B. The emphasis of Le Play and his successors upon the relationship between the characteristics of the physical environment and social development has influenced the sociologists at other places also. There are many common points between the two. Combined efforts of both the experts may be of great practical help in meeting the challenges. It is a study of the relations between broad economic aggregates such as total employment, saving and investment. The researches of Franz Boas and Otto Kineberg have proved that there is no co-relation between anatomical characteristics and mental superiority.
In society every social being has some economic needs and these needs are evaluated by economics. Like-wise, the government adopts various measures to check the rising prices and takes various steps for increasing production. C-Social Anthropology deals with the institutions, behaviors and human relationships of primitives of the past and present. Sociology not only borrows from other social sciences but other social sciences also dependent on sociology. History as subject matter of human interest and enquiry has been in existence since time immemorial. Political science basically deals with the distribution of power and the exercise of power ,democracy, dictatorship, communism, how people vote etc.
Even Max Weber contends that the sociologist gains an additional satisfaction or conviction in being able to understand the meaning of social actions when understood in terms of common sense psychology. So … ciology, for example, in order to understand a particular society has to take material of the economics, political science, history, anthropology, religion, morals, law and finally interaction with the rest of the world. Sociology and Psychology: Psychology is the positive science of human experience and behaviour. Sociology, on the other hand, studies the same phenomena as they exist at present. Psychology How humans think influences most, if not all of the social sciences.
It forms regular patterns within the society. In politics, the manipulation of information and knowledge contributes to political influence. It examines how social norms, ethics and other social philosophies influence consumer behavior and shape an economy, and uses history, politics and other social sciences to predict potential results from changes to society or the economy. In society where there is lack of education, and prevalence of unemployment, crimes and poverty ,that can not be called economically developed society. There may also be certain goods or services that are considered unavailable to certain classes based on their ability to afford them and their income. Sociology and political science have been very closely related to each other till recently.
That is why Sociology has been called the mother of all social sciences. There is no separate existence without each other. But a sociologist, on the other hand, is primarily interested in the social aspects of economic activities rather than in the mechanism of production and distribution, iii Economics is much older than Sociology. The policies of the government of a country considerably influence the economic conditions of that country. Along with the above similarities between them, there are also some differences between the two.
In this way, information gathered by the demographers proves useful to the economists. Political organisation is a special kind of social organisation and that is why political science is a special science while sociology is a general science. But on the contrary sociology seeks to explain how and why man became a political being. These goods or services can include access to more advanced or complete medical care, educational opportunities, and the ability to buy food that meets certain nutritional guidelines. Not all things considered a science may actually be a science in the same manner as physics.
Sociology, therefore, can understand social life as a whole by taking help from other social sciences which study exclusively one or the other aspects of human activity. But in many other countries, there was no steady growth because of political instability. This occurs because of government and election laws, especially the use of single-member legislative districts. Sociology studies only present society while political science studies present and indicates future side also. Such problems like poverty, beggary, unemployment, over-population, unregulated industrialisation have both social and economic implications. Article shared by The Greek writers considered both the sciences one and called Economics as Political Economy.
Thirdly, Sociology is merely speculative and has no practical bearing on any field of social life. Politics, in its broadest sense, as the activity through which people make, preserve and amend the general rules under which they live pp. The study of economics in sociology is stratification, which is the study of how we are a part of a certain economic level in society and how we got there and how it effects us. Human ecology studies many demographic problems like fertility and mortality, uses demographic data and techniques. Politics usually describes the processes by which people and institutions exercise and resist power. It studies its political and legal problems, family organisation, religion, art, industries and occupations etc. There is, however, difference of approach of a sociologist and of a lawyer to the subject of law.
Relation between sociology and political science: Sociology and political science are also related in the sense that they both concern the welfare of people in a society. But if a code of marriage like the Hindu Marriage Act is enacted, it at once falls within the domain of political science. The scope of Sociology is thus much wider than that of economics; ii Sociology has a comprehensive viewpoint. In the opinion of F. The geographical environments alone never explain the rise of a civilization.