The writer Plutarch, who lived in the second century A. This in particular provides a good discussion of the position of the gladiator in Roman society. It is believed that he was originally from Thrace, which is near present day Bulgaria, but that is in question. This left Spartacus with no choice but to take his force north to face a Roman leader more ruthless than any he had encountered before. This caused the Roman Senate to finally get serious about Spartacus's revolt. Many deserters offered themselves to him, but he would not accept them. He was actually killed in battle and hacked into pieces on the battlefield.
The vast majority of the slave army did not leave Italy. In 1816 in Camden, slaves planned to set fire to the town and kill the white population. Free labor meant greater leisure and profit for those who owned slaves but those slaves were only profitable if they were submissive and did as they were told without question or hesitation. While the slaves lacked military training, Spartacus' forces displayed ingenuity in their use of available local materials, and in their use of clever, unorthodox tactics when facing the disciplined Roman armies. The slave army swelled to 100,000 to 120,000 men. After his victory over Crixus, Gellius moved northwards, following the main group of slaves under who were heading for.
With discipline breaking down, Spartacus turned his forces around and brought his entire strength to bear on the oncoming legions. These narratives inspired later artists to present Spartacus as a freedom fighter battling the might of Rome to end slavery even though none of the ancient accounts support this conclusion. Spartacus died in the battle, and 6,000 surviving slaves were later crucified along a Roman highway as a brutal warning against future revolts. Rushing down from there, they captured the camp of Clodius, the praetor, who had encircled them in a siege, and when he had been driven into flight, they turned their complete attention to plundering. He and 6,000 of his followers were probably not crucified on crosses that lined the Appian Way for more than a 100 miles as is described in some stories and depicted in Stanley Kubrik film.
Indeed, the scenes in the gladiatorial school are some of the best in the film, especially those where Marcellus Charles McGraw uses Spartacus to demonstrate where to maim or kill one's opponent and the famous scene where because of an idle whim by two Roman ladies, Draba Woody Strode is forced to fight Spartacus in the ring, but the Ethiopian chooses to attack Crassus at the cost of his own life rather than kill a fellow slave. Then, going about through Consentia and Metapontum, they gathered together huge forces in a short time. The slaves planned to claim the island and its valuable farmland as their own, but their freedom was ultimately short-lived. The slave army did the very same thing. The revolt of Spartacus began, more or less, as an accident; the original plan of the gladiators, according to the historian Plutarch, was simply to escape Their Slavery.
When one of the gladiator trainers told Spartacus that Marcus Licinius Crassus had bought Verenia, Spartacus killed the trainer. Douglas, whose political leanings are amply on display herein, also served as executive producer, surrounding himself with the best talent available. Conclusion The revolt by Spartacus is one of the most well-known events in the ancient world. With around 3,000 Romans in pursuit, the escapees headed for Mount Vesuvius, where heavy forest provided cover. Longman, London, 2005 , p.
Legacy Although the early Roman historians viewed him as a dangerous rebel and criminal, all their accounts show a grudging and sometimes outright respect for the gladiator-general. Spartacus was believed to be among those who died in the last confrontation, even though his body was never found. Archived from on 16 July 2012. Perhaps Spartacus decided that he liked being the commander of a successful army. The Romans no longer dared face him in the field. Additionally, according to ancient sources, Spartacus insisted on equally dividing the spoils, something that made recruitment all the more easier. Spartacus' escape route was blocked at Brundisium by a third Roman force recalled from Macedonia.
One of the most significant additions was the scene where the bisexual Crassus attempts to seduce Antoninus while Antoninus is bathing him by asking Antoninus if he eats oysters and snails, explaining that it is a matter of appetites rather than morals. While the Romans were conquering they took many prisoners of war from the defeated armies. He returned to the popular consciousness of Europe during the 1791 slave rebellion in Haiti. Two hundred of these formed a plan to escape, but their plot being discovered, those of them who became aware of it in time to anticipate their master, being seventy-eight, got out of a cook's shop chopping knives and spits, and made their way through the city, and lighting by the way on several wagons that were carrying gladiators' arms to another city, they seized upon them and armed themselves. The Senate, alarmed by the size of the revolt and the defeat of the armies of and , dispatched a pair of under the command of and. The terrible conditions of life as a slave in ancient Rome have since been compared to those of any group suffering oppression and Spartacus is the most recognizable hero from the ancient world to serve as a symbol.
Meanwhile, he sent his lieutenant Mummius and two new legions south to pressure the slaves to move north. The Romans, still in camp, never saw them coming. The insurrection began in 869 A. Plutarch claims this occurred in the Picenum region, while Appian places the initial battles between Crassus and Spartacus in the Samnium region. The Slave rebellion, also known as the Slave revolt, is a rebellion started by. Harvard University Press: Harvard, 1912. Spartacus' Defeat There is no record of why Spartacus abandoned his plan to lead his forces to freedom by leaving Italy but, for whatever reason, the ever-growing army of former slaves now marched south.
Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989. Around 800 Italian slaves were deemed free in 104 B. The Senate selected both men to be consuls, but they were soon to come into contact with the greatest general in Roman history:. The men were divided into groups of 10 and then drew lots. At last being deserted by those that were about him, he himself stood his ground, and, surrounded by the enemy, bravely defending himself, was cut in pieces. When they did march towards Roman again they defeated another Roman force. Crassus stepped up his attacks in order to defeat Spartacus before could arrive to steal the glory.