Imagine this: You are a middle aged lady in England and you are proud to say to all your friends that your husband has gone to fight for his country. Eventually, perhaps influenced by reports of French troop disturbances at Verdun, Haig agreed to attack on 29 June later put back until 1 July. Source B and C are co mpletely in contrast, because the officers who collected information for Haig could have tried to bring positive news. Haig had recently lent £2,500 in a formal contract with interest to the Brigade Commander John French to cover his losses from South African mining speculations, so that French, regarded as a talented cavalry commander, did not have to resign his commission. But is the blame justified? Smith was also a private in the 1st Border regiment fighting on the Somme.
They retreated to the north bank which abandonment of Fricourt was ordered. There has been much disagreement about Haig and the battle of the Somme. Additionally and most importantly, he got hardly any help from the French, it was meant to be a Franco-British attack, and he was under a lot of pressure from t he two governments. At the Doullens Conference 26 March , Haig accepted the appointment of to coordinate reserves of all nationalities wherever he saw fit. However, there may have been no terrain along the entire 300-plus miles of the Western Front less suited to tank warfare than the wet, low-lying ground of Flanders. After the war, Haig became something of an awkward figure for the British government. The following day 26 August, 's engaged the enemy in the , which was unsupported by Haig.
Haig spent time touring his forces in May. As the war drew to a close Haig had to locate and escort the Boer leader to the peace negotiations at Vereeninging. It is unlikely that they would trust him if he appeared to be uncaring about them, or if they thought that his tactics were doomed to failure. On 11 August Haig, contrary to the wishes of Marshal Foch, insisted on a halt to the Amiens offensive rather than engage new German troops with tired Allied ones who had outrun much of their artillery cover and launched a new attack by Byng's Third Army on 21 August between the Scarpe and the Ancre. And Haig was, if anything, unimaginative.
Bourlon Wood fell on 23 November but German counter-attacks had begun. Stretcher bearers recovering wounded during the , September 1916. It is possibly true that Field Marshall Douglas Haig managed to push the most powerful army in the world off French soil, but he failed to understand the best way to use artillery. The German soldiers had survived, in dugouts, deep underground protected by concrete. He was just throwing away lives when he knew all who went over the top would die. This source is also reliable because it was written in December 1916, right after the war ended.
The scale of the Allied offensive on the Somme had nevertheless come as a shock to the Germans. Top up your knowledge of the key events of World War One with. The writer says that Haig led his team and Britain to victory and he is the hero of us. Third Army retreated as planned from the Flesquieres Salient, freeing up a division. In a later report to Robertson 24 Dec Haig accepted the blame, stating that the troops had been tired as a result of the attack on Bourlon Wood which he had ordered. Haig: Butcher of the Somme Essay The First World War started when Austro-Hungary attacked Serbia. Haig displayed great interest in the potential of aircraft and met with of the 16 February to organise photographic air reconnaissance and a map of German lines was obtained; aircraft were also beginning to be used for artillery spotting—signalling to British batteries by Morse—observing enemy troop movements and bombing German rear areas.
Of course, truly great generals seem to possess all these qualities to some degree. A lot of people lost their homes, and lost their family. Here are some pieces of evidence to support this point of view. After French's Operations to protect Cape Colony, Roberts, newly arrived as Commander-in-Chief, appointed his protégé Colonel the Earl of Errol, over French's protests, to the job of Assistant Adjutant General of the Cavalry Division, with Haig, who had been promised the job and the local rank of lieutenant-colonel , as his deputy. The barbed wire was not destroyed and the Germans hid 30 feet underground in bunkers when shot at or bombed. Lloyd-George may have been criticising the war in Source J because it was popular to do so at the time, and as Lloyd-George was a politician, he is likely to have gone along with popular public opinion.
From a great adventure, to a bloody event. For students of military history, the question of what makes great commanders is inexhaustibly fascinating. Half of the French army were in other places that he didn't have the authority to call them back from and he was with an army he did not know. On 27th June 1916 the Battle of Somme began. B Study Source B and C Which of these two sources do you trust more? Too much death most will argue. Carlyon also wrote out that there was a case to answer, for his support of more dubious commanders such as , and Hubert Gough. Lord Haig arranged for his Dispatches to be published in 1922 as the loomed, although in the end his nemesis Lloyd George was ousted for unrelated reasons.
British soldiers transport a wounded colleague on a wheeled stretcher during the Battle of the Somme. Great emphasis was placed on morale and mobility, and on 's cavalry pursuit after 's. Although he had gained a favourable reputation during the immediate post-war years, with his funeral becoming a day of national mourning, Haig has, since the 1960s, become an object of criticism for his leadership during the First World War. And they made him an Earl and gave him £100,000. The Germans line had not been broken. The first day objective was the high ground around Bourlon Wood and Haig was to review progress after 48 hours.
Haig's war service had earned him belated but rapid promotion: having been a captain until the relatively advanced age of thirty-seven, by 1904 he had become the youngest in the at that time. He got everything he wanted in the way of men and materiel for what became known as Third Ypres or Passchendaele, a battle remembered for, among other things, terrain so wet the entire world seemed to consist of nothing but mud and shell holes filled with vile water. This is because Haig sent thousands of men to their deaths continuously after his war efforts seemed not to be working. Douglas Haig and the First World War. However stupid they might have been, however much they were the product of a system which obstructed enterprise, they knew what they were doing. However, the typed version of Haig's diary, although fuller, does not specifically contradict the handwritten original, and it has been suggested that Haig either needed to reconcile himself psychologically to the need to accept a French superior or else was simply letting off steam and wanted to give himself the credit he felt he deserved. Does Shylock deserve his punishment? Politicians began to wonder if Haig's approach was working, they accepted the pressure had been lifted at Verdun but they were concerned about the heavy casualty losses.
In India he had hoped to develop the Indian General Staff as part of the greater Imperial General Staff, and to organise despatch of Indian troops to a future European War. There were many arguments for the title given to Haig. Attacks at Festubert, 15—25 May as a diversion, gained 1,100 yards 1,000 m over a front of 4,400 yards 4,000 m , with 16,000 British casualties to around 6,600 German losses. Britain was no longer an imperial power, and the old Edwardian certainties had crumbled. During command of the operation Haig displayed a cold indifference to the casualty reports and ordered the continued assault of German positions despite obvious evidence that they remained largely intact.