Specific Purpose To inform a group of college students about the uses and misuses of Internet dating Main Points I. For example, imagine you are writing an essay on the importance of recycling. The Farm Aid speech could be organized topically: the first main point discusses Farm Aid administrators; the second main point discusses performers; the third main point discusses sponsors; the fourth main point discusses audiences. Exposition is a type of oral or written discourse that is used to explain, describe, give information or inform. Every writer has a purpose for writing and some plan of action for getting a message across. Effective communication, then, begins with a clearly organized set of ideas following a logical, consistent pattern. Types of expository writings include newspapers, encyclopedias, and essays.
This leaves the reader with the strongest argument and most convincing finale to the essay. When you pick up and read a non-fiction book, magazines, or newspaper article the author uses expository writing to inform you, the reader, about the topic. While this pattern clearly lends itself easily to two main points, you can also create a third point by giving basic information about what is being compared and what is being contrasted. The two sentences can best be joined by a word that contrasts the statements made before and after the semicolon. For this type of situation, each step in the series would comprise one paragraph.
Logically, the writer will start with the strongest argument. Besides fiction, there are some examples of nonfiction, or writing based on real life, that is also written in chronological order. Problem Solution The final organizational pattern is problem solution, which describes a specific problem and then provides several solutions for this problem. In this format, you discuss main points in a more random order that labels specific aspects of the topic and addresses them in separate categories. In essence, the states create three spatial territories to explain.
If you choose a clear, recognizable pattern for a single paragraph, and also for a whole essay , you find it easier to select details and choose transitions, and you also help your reader discover relationships that connect things, that make things seem more coherent. Explain how instituting a mandatory curfew at 10:00 p. You may see a question-answer pattern, a problem-solution pattern, or sometimes a solution-problem pattern. Most of these patterns were based on the original research from Bell Laboratories, which studied over 120 organizations over the period of a decade. The first main point discusses the New York branch of the organization; the second main point discusses the Midwest branch; the third main point discusses the California branch of Farm Aid. When practicing essay writing with , certain questions will tend to elicit a specific type of essay. Perhaps you found the best reason to recycle is that it saves trees, which helps the environment.
For example, if the selection begins by indicating that there are four important components of management, you are alert to look for four key phrases to mark and remember. Something you could use for , , and? To approach a process essay, ask your students to list the steps in a process with which they are familiar. For example, a speech about providing foreign aid to victims of a natural disaster in another country would discuss the disaster itself the cause and the impact the disaster had on the nation's people the effect. This is a perfect example of chronological order. Though requirements vary from state to state, in many states, students are required to accurately identify the text structure in specific passages. This pattern might use such transitions as just to the right, a little further on, to the south of Memphis, a few feet behind, in New Mexico, turning left on the pathway, and so on.
Running from the magma chamber to the crater of the volcano is the conduit. The most important idea is described in the writing first, followed by the second most important, then the third, and so on and so forth. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1948. Overall, organizational patterns, or structure, of writing is very important in literature. Pro-con: a pattern that presents arguments in favor and arguments against usually controversial issues. If similarities and differences is the central theme, the author is comparing and contrasting. Nonfiction also can organize steps or information in time order.
Chronological or Time-Sequence Pattern When information in a speech follows a chronological sequence, then the information should likewise be organized chronologically. Following you will find a brief explanation of each of six different essay styles and two writing prompts that can be used to elicit that specific organizational pattern in a student essay. If you choose a clear, recognizable pattern on the level of the single paragraph, and also on the level of the whole essay body , you guide yourself in selecting details and choosing transitions, and you also guide your reader in discovering relationships that connect things, that make things seem more coherent. This is the fourth part of the series. Maybe an analogy will help here. For example, because Cinderella's father died, her stepmother raises her. Order of Importance A second type of organizational pattern is order of importance, which is exactly how it sounds.
Episodes: a pattern language of competitive development. Show how Drug X and Drug Y are similar. This pattern is best for topics or goals focused on emphasizing certain actions and the results of those actions. Chronological Order order of Time In chronological order or time order, items, events, or even ideas are arranged in the order in which they occur. Spatial organization is when information in a passage is organized in order of space or location. You do need to see, though, that imposing order on information makes the information easier to talk about, easier to understand, and easier to remember.
Choices A and C are incorrect because the passage neither states the cause of eruptions nor does it classify different types of volcanos. This means that the plot sticks to a specific timeline. Once the speaker has shown the problem, the speaker then explains to the audience that the cause of this problem is youth outside after 10:00 p. Or I could have a section for gardening, a section for lawn care, a section for exterior house maintenance, and another for interior house maintenance. The author's purpose is to show similarities and differences.
Web page , accessed 22 September 2008. One sample topic for this pattern is the widespread cases of cancer. In this method of development, the writer analyzes the reason s for an action, event, or decision, or analyzes resulting consequences to support a point. For this organizational pattern, the writing follows the order of time. It was also about this time that et al. In this example, the possible causes for the difference might include stricter law enforcement, greater likelihood of neighbors reporting an incident, and police training that emphasizes arrests as opposed to other outcomes.