For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. References are generally organized in alphabetical order by the first item in the reference, which is quite often the last name of an author. This ensures understanding and avoids any confusion. Cool Pose: The Dilemmas of Black Manhood in America. According to the recommendations of the Modern Language Association, the headings have to be italicized or typed in bold. Paraphrase, quote selectively, and avoid summary. Running Head with Page Numbers Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and flush with the right margin.
However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. Journal of Physical Therapy Education. In 2005, the default size is 11. Placement of the List of Works Cited The list of works cited appears at the end of the paper, after any endnotes. Punctuation Here are a few guidelines to keep in mind in relation to punctuation marks.
Monsen, Avery, and Jory John. Each word in the title should start with a capital letter. If you plan to submit a printout on paper larger than 8½ by 11 inches, do not print the text in an area greater than 6½ by 9 inches. Authors sometimes include a list of sources for further or additional reading. Be very attentive while formatting your essay. Thomas Colbyry is a writer living in Marquette, Mich. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used.
It is not acceptable to simply place an image in a project without including identifiable information. Regardless of the arena you are writing for, it is generally agreed upon in all academic and sciencific fields that when you borrow someone's work in your own paper, you should credit the work properly to the original author. Formatting Instructions This next section displays the recommended guidelines for margins, spacing, and page numbers. Next, you should not forget that all academic assignments are scanned for plagiarism, and too many quotes will negatively affect your score. . To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals.
If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary. Due to its length, the remainder of this sample paper is omitted. The running head of a research paper. The same justification rules apply in the 8th edition. Journal of Physical Therapy Education.
Designed to be printed out and used in the classroom. Issue Year Published : Page s. The month of publication has to be abbreviated For example, Jan. If the last name is placed first on the source, keep it as is in the reference entry. While these individuals are known by their Roman names, their full names are in Latin. Information available today may no longer later on. In the text of the project or paper, place a parentheses at the end of the line where the figure is discussed, and include the label.
This movement has incited considerable debate and controversy, mainly because prison privatization calls for giving the private sector direct control over the lives of a captive human population. In some cases, professors may demand section headers, in order to enhance legibility. This is different from block quotes, above. The ultimate goal of a research project is to have your voice and research merged together as one. Do not include any numbers in your paper. In this case, no quotation marks are necessary.
In case the title is too big, shorten it using the same letter. Place a colon between the introductory sentence and the list. If you wish us to return the portfolio by mail, you must enclose an appropriately stamped, self-addressed envelope. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. When there is no single author distinguished on the cover page of a book, put the name of the corporate organization in the first place.
While it may seem tempting to place a few extra lines between the heading, title, and beginning of the paper, lines should all be double spaced. Do not simply substitute words in the original text with synonyms. Moreover, the references need to be ordered alphabetically and must correspond to the in-text references. However, two most common titling styles are using full phrases or even sentences and using just short phrases or even words to title the parts of your essay. This article has also been viewed 132,838 times. Double-space between the title and the first entry. If not known, the name of the article can be cited.
Show off and demonstrate your ability to process the original information, connect it to the content in your paper, and write it in your own individual and unique writing style. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container. Only use a block quote if you have a very good reason to include the whole passage. Images For an image to be significant and easily identifiable, place it as close as possible to the text in the project where it is discussed. Visits are strongly encouraged for all others who can arrange to travel to Athens.