Some people want only the instructors feedback, either because they think the instructors opinion is the only one that matters, or because they are afraid theyll get the wrong feedback from other students. Even just figuring out why bad advice is bad will teach you about writing. These journals not only represent current trends and issues within a given field, but also the most up-to-date research. Ideally, the first peer-review session should focus on a short piece of writing, such as a paragraph or two, so that students develop comfort with giving and receiving feedback before taking on the task of reading longer papers. Thus, if you are using comment letters, your groups might include only three or four students.
Encourages you to perform better next time If the exercise has shown you some good feedback, you will be on guard on the likely comments, suggestions or criticism on your manuscript the next time around. Undergraduate students often do not perceive how completing academic writing assignments will prepare them for work in the professional world. Even if you plan on focusing on small group workshops during the term, you might consider facilitating at least one full-class workshop at the beginning of the term to help model best practices for workshopping. This role clearly has expanded as a more general measure of achievement, and peer review—rightly or wrongly—is an important aspect of this role. As a result, these sources are considered to be less credible and scholarly, and are therefore not as suitable for research assignments. Like it or not, in academia, we are often judged by our affiliations! With groups of three, each student will be reviewing the papers of two peers during each peer-review session, but each group will discuss three papers for detailed instructions on how to structure each session, see below. Once you have covered the issues fully, open the floor to general comments and questions by students and respond to their comments by offering clarifications of your expectations for the assignment.
The instructor then has students pass papers to the right and gives students three minutes to read and offer written feedback under the thesis in front of them. This new era of electronic publishing is still in its infancy and we have much to learn about how best to make use of the new media and communication tools. While it is possible to complete a session in one hour, a one-and-one-half hour class period is preferable see below for a detailed discussion of how to structure peer-review sessions. You should only reassign students to another group in the rare case when one or two group members drop the course. If the peer-review process determines that an article cannot be accepted for publication in a journal, then the author s of the article may seek to have it published in another journal. For this kind of peer review, it is essential that students bring hard copies of their papers for each peer reviewer or that electronic access to papers is available to peer reviewers during class.
Peer review is of little value and probably a hindrance in facilitating communication among scholars in a field and is not relevant for the role of building scientific communities. What's peer review good for? It also means that the review is mostly about pointing out stuff you already know, but have overlooked. To decide when to schedule peer review for your students, think about what you hope they will get out of it. You should review completed peer-review worksheets when you grade papers not only to evaluate individual student performance, but also to gauge the success of the peer-review sessions and to determine what you might do to improve them. Conservation Biology: The Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology, 29 1 , 297-299.
During the Semester and Before the First Peer-Review Session 1. Maintaining the groups throughout the semester will help your students build the trust that is necessary for peer review to be successful Millis 2002. Do you want to be attacked in some personal way for the views that you might be discussing in your writing? How to Structure Peer Review Peer review can be done in pairs, small groups or with the full class. Before the Semester Starts 1. The roots of this go all the way back to the formation of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London in the middle of the 17 th century.
Even with clear instructions, peer-review sessions can go awry. Any skill level works It doesnt matter, either, if the paper youre reading is much stronger than yours, much weaker, or just has different strengths and weaknesses. Being asked to review a manuscript assumes that the reviewer has some expertise relevant to the content, and that this knowledge will be helpful in evaluating the merits of a piece of work. How do you develop a strong peer-review exercise? It is important to think about the design of the peer-review activity, so that it is designed to integrate well with your current grading system. The most common definition of open review is when both the reviewer and author are known to each other during the peer review process.
Writing the feedback in advance can help students prepare for face-to-face workshops held in class. Each article used expert ratings based on a different rating scale. It provides some quality assurance to consumers of research. Peer review is one of the most loved and most hated features of college writing classes. By using a fairly open process for selecting reviewers we have found it easy to accomplish this goal.
The more you practice reading and critiquing someone elses work, the stronger your editing skills will be when its time to apply them to your own work. The division of labor matters here, too; each student should be required to critique the same number of essays, so you will need to find a way to divide work evenly. The insights I gained from this workshop got me thinking once again about why peer review matters. I do think that this is a comparable yet public way of seeing it as a peer review, however given that it is open to the public one could only imagine that some comments may not be fact based and more of a opinion base review. Double blind peer-review in humanities.